sources of health information system

(+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Churches and community organizations are another source of health information for many Hispanics. With diabetics, as in the general population, the most educated and established Hispanics score the highest on a test of knowledge about diabetes. Youth, education, nativity and assimilation are all strongly linked to Internet usage for Latinos in general,15 and to the likelihood of using the Internet for health information in particular. Among those with a usual provider, the type of place where care is obtained also factors into diabetes knowledge. Looking at differences by education level, 13 percent of Latinos who did not complete high school score low on diabetes knowledge, compared with 6 percent of those with at least some college education. Though the survey data do not allow for an evaluation of the appropriateness of the behavioral changes that result from media exposure to health information, results clearly indicate that alternative channels of health information have an effect on Latinos’ behavior. Among those who watch television and those who listen to the radio, there is a strong association between educational levels and language use. Indicators– a complete set of indicators and relevant targets, including inputs, outputs, and outcomes, determinants of health, and health status indicators. The use of television for health information is somewhat more prevalent among the foreign born and the less assimilated. By comparison, 23% of online health information seekers who report no chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to information they wanted to see – a significant difference co… The majority of Hispanics scoring low on the diabetes knowledge index have health insurance or a usual health care provider. USA - Health Data All Stars - Health Data Consortium - a directory of 50 prominent domestic resources for health data at the federal, state and local levels. Age is also correlated with obtaining health information from Spanish-language broadcasts. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. Radio’s role as an information source is roughly similar for Hispanics with a health care provider (39 percent) and those without one (42 percent). Forty-one percent of Latinos with less than a high school diploma report getting information from newspapers or magazines, compared with 63 percent of people with at least some college education. Thirty percent of online health information seekers living with chronic conditions say they have been asked to pay for access to something they wanted to see online. In general, U.S.-born Hispanics and those who have higher levels of education are more likely to get information in English from sources such as television, newspapers, magazines and the Internet. Another group that relies more heavily on churches and community groups are Spanish-dominant respondents; 34 percent report obtaining health information from these sources, compared with 25 percent of English-dominant Latinos. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. District Health Information System 2, or DHIS2, is a a web-based management information system. This section will look at the survey data on diabetes knowledge from another perspective: The makeup of the low-scoring group. 0 According to the American Diabetes Association, millions of Americans are unaware that they have diabetes. The main population-based sources of health information are census, household surveys and (sample) vital registration systems. ABSTRACT The study examined health information needs and information sources of pregnant women in Ogbomoso metropolis, Oyo state, Nigeria. More than half of all Hispanics say they received a lot of information (14 percent) or a little information (37 percent) from print sources. ��A����r��vE�)͍��U�.�� � l@ Unit Five Health Management Information System (HMIS) Learning objectives At the end of this unit, the learner will be able to; 1.Define HMIS 2.Describe deficits of HMIS in Ethiopia 3.List elements of HMIS 4.Explain indicators of HMIS 5.Discus the steps of developing HMIS 2 Definition Health information system is that that system in which collection, utilization, analysis and transmission of information is done for conducting health services, training and research. Four in 10 of those who get no health information score high on diabetes knowledge, compared with six in 10 of those who get at least some information from any source. Hispanics who get some information from print media are most likely to read English-language newspapers and magazines (43 percent), though 27 percent read Spanish-only publications and 29 percent got health information from both Spanish and English publications. Among long-term immigrants, those who have been in the country for 15 years or more, 61 percent score high, compared with about half of shorter-term immigrants. 3. Hispanics with health insurance are somewhat more likely to score high than those without insurance (61 percent versus 55 percent), but they are no less likely to get a low diabetes knowledge score than respondents with no insurance. When responses are analyzed by citizenship status, naturalized citizens are more likely to score high (60 percent) than are legal permanent residents (55 percent) or immigrants who are neither citizens nor legal permanent residents (48 percent). In contrast, among Hispanics who do have access to a usual place for their medical care, the relationship reverses: 78 percent say they get health information from the medical community, compared with 70 percent who say they get information from television. This section will explore how health and medical information is collected, and where it comes from. This group includes a wide cross-section of the Hispanic population. Among the oldest Hispanics, 15 percent score low, a larger share than for other age groups. Foreign-born Hispanics account for more than seven in 10 of the low-scoring group. Family and friends are next in rank: they supplied a lot of information to 20 percent of Hispanics and a little information to an additional 43 percent. Those who get a lot of information from newspapers and magazines also are more likely to score high (69 percent) than those who get no information from those sources (50 percent). ����� While 56 percent of English-dominant and bilingual Latinos obtained at least some health information from these sources, the share drops to 42 percent among Spanish-dominant Latinos. There are notable differences by demographic characteristic in which Hispanics score high (six to eight correct answers), medium (three to five correct answers) or low (two or fewer correct answers) on a battery of eight questions testing basic diabetes knowledge. This includes personnel, financing, logistics support, information and communications technology (ICT), and mechanisms for coordinating both within and between the six components. mapping. I’ll list the main influence driving healthcare, the driver for IT, and the resulting health information technology (HIT) innovation: 1960s: The main healthcare drivers in Immigrant Hispanics and those who have lower levels of education rely more on Spanish-language media, including television and print media, for information. Health information technology, or HIT, refers to a system designed to store, share, and analyze the data collected in any healthcare facility. When these responses are analyzed another way—comparing people who get at least some health information from any source with those obtaining no health information from any source—getting information is associated with better knowledge scores. (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main Respondents who visit a doctor regularly score better on diabetes knowledge questions than respondents who primarily visit clinics for their care; 65 percent score high, as compared with 57 percent of respondents who frequent clinics. Although there is no cure for diabetes, people who know they have the disease often can keep it under control, and reduce the risk of serious side effects or death, through treatment that includes diet and medication. Latinos who get a lot of health information from doctors are more likely to score high (65 percent) on diabetes knowledge than those who get little (59 percent) or no information (49 percent) from doctors. Find out with our income calculator. Seventy-one percent of Latinos received health information from a medical professional in the past year, but 83 percent got health or health care information from the media. Information that has no identifiable publisher or author should not be relied on, unless it is backed up by information from other sources that meet the criteria for credibility. Fifty-seven percent of the native born use print media, as do 47 percent of the foreign born. Seven in 10 Latinos (71 percent) say correctly that even people without a family history of diabetes have a risk of developing it. Though the survey results do not address the validity or quality of the health information obtained through sources other than medical personnel, results do suggest that the information from these alternative sources has an impact on respondents’ behaviors. Low: Respondents answered two or fewer questions correctly. Let’s review health information system trends, decade by decade. h�bbd``b`+��O �Q bm���!���� q] �?H��/@v �e�+��Y�@�20*����� Zm citizens and long-term immigrants. The main health facility-related data sources are public health surveillance, health services data (also Twenty-six percent of the foreign born report obtaining a lot of health information from this source in the past year, as did 19 percent of the native born. Men also are more likely to get a low score, 13 percent compared with 7 percent of women. The main sources of health statistics are surveys, administrative and medical records, claims data, vital records , surveillance, disease registries, and peer-reviewed literature. As a result, a Latinos whose primary language is Spanish are more likely to ask new questions to health care professionals as a result of media coverage than are English speakers, pointing again to the important role played by the Spanish-language media. For example, they are more likely to know that blurry vision is a symptom (82 percent) than increased fatigue (69 percent). Seventy-nine percent of respondents who received health or health care information from the media acted upon that information. Health information provided by the media led 57 percent of Hispanics to ask a doctor or medical professional new questions. Legal status is also correlated with the likelihood of obtaining health advice from a medical professional. (For an overview of the historical development, see (2)). The pattern is similar for newspapers and magazines. Hispanics born in the United States are twice as likely as are immigrants to get health care information from the Internet—52 percent versus 25 percent. About two-thirds of women (65 percent) correctly answer six or more questions, compared with half (51 percent) of men. Respondents were queried as to how much information about health and health care they got from several different sources in the past year. A higher share of Latinos (14 percent) with no usual source of care scores low, as compared with Hispanics who do have a usual source of care (9 percent). About one in three Latinos (31 percent) say that they rely on the information they get from their churches and local community groups. 3… In the course of providing and paying for care, organizations generate administrative data on the characteristics of the population they serve as well as their use of services and charges for those services, often at the level of individual users. More than half of respondents who get information from television or radio report getting that information in Spanish, or in a mix of Spanish and English. Evidence-informed health policy-making is based on sound data and information (1). However, the gap in persons scoring high on diabetes knowledge is smaller when comparing respondents who report getting a lot of health information from television (59 percent) with those who report getting no health information from television (52 percent). Hispanics who have been diagnosed with diabetes score higher on the knowledge test than other Latinos, but a notable share (27 percent) answered at least three of the eight questions wrong. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and bio-medicine. Immigrants are less likely to get information from family and friends (59 percent) than are native-born Hispanics (71 percent), plausibly because they have smaller networks of family and friends in the United States. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. Most Hispanics who score low on the knowledge test about diabetes have health insurance (59 percent), and a usual place to go for medical care (63 percent). Fifty-nine percent of immigrants who are neither naturalized nor legal permanent residents reported obtaining health information from a medical professional. The best-informed Hispanics about diabetes are those with at least some college education, or with high levels of assimilation—U.S. The results are similar when considering nativity. There are few notable differences among demographic groups here. While most Hispanics look to the medical community for answers to their health care questions, the media, and particularly television, also play a large role in providing health information. It also collects, organizes, and … %PDF-1.6 %���� Health Information Systems (HIS) is potentially very important for the development of the health sector in Ethiopia. Specific information regarding the importance of preventative care and regular health monitoring as well as the symptoms and treatment of chronic diseases can be delivered through alternate sources. The youngest and oldest Latinos know less than those in the middle: 48 percent of those ages 18–29 and 65 and older score well, compared with substantial majorities of those ages 30 to 49 (63 percent) and 50 to 64 (68 percent). However, medical professionals are not the only ones providing health and medical information. Obtaining health information from some other sources is also associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge. High: Respondents answered at least six out of eight questions correctly. 1184 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<86B198B71AF03E4B989B4BFD8216EE3E><63301F182E507040A2012132B920EBF9>]/Index[1167 49]/Info 1166 0 R/Length 88/Prev 375408/Root 1168 0 R/Size 1216/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Churches and community groups also play a role in providing health and health care information to Hispanics. While preventive care and regular health monitoring are essential in maintaining good long-term health and limiting the severity of chronic diseases, more than one in four Hispanics say they received no information regarding health or health care from doctors or health care professionals in the past year. {�. Examining differences by national origin, at least 14 percent of persons of Cuban, South American and Central American origin score low on diabetes knowledge, which is a larger share than for other groups. High school graduates account for 27 percent and Latinos with at least some college education make up 15 percent. endstream endobj 1168 0 obj <>/Metadata 89 0 R/Pages 1160 0 R/StructTreeRoot 150 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 1169 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 57/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 1170 0 obj <>stream Among Hispanics, 40 percent get health care information from the radio, 51 percent get some information from newspapers and magazines, and 35 percent get information from the Internet. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Diabetics are more likely to know the basic facts about their condition than the general population does, but not all diabetics are well-informed: 73 percent score high on the knowledge test, 24 percent get a medium score and 3 percent get a low score. endstream endobj startxref Among those who get a lot of information from churches or community groups, a larger share scores low (58 percent) than high (52 percent).*. health care financing system is not so much a system as it is a crazy quilt of programs that, when pieced together, cover to some degree , the majority- … The Public Health Information System (PHIS) is a collection of tables of health-related data produced by the Department of Health. Sources of health information Population census Registration of Vital Events Notification of diseases Institutional records Community surveys National Sample Survey Sample Registration System Model Registration System Disease Registers Objectives • To provide reliable, latest and useful health information to all levels of health … Medical information on the web is plentiful, but make sure your sources are reliable. Among the less knowledgeable Hispanics are men, Spanish speakers and Latinos who are foreign born. People with at least some college education are almost 33 percent more likely to have gotten a medical professional’s advice than people lacking a high school diploma. Among Hispanics who receive any health-related information from television, 40 percent get that information from only Spanish-language television stations, 32 percent from a mix of Spanish and English-language stations and 28 percent from only English-language stations. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. However, 13 percent of respondents reported obtaining only Spanish-language Internet health care information. English dominance, too, is strongly associated with using the Internet for health information; 53 percent of the English-dominant do so, compared with 17 percent of the Spanish-dominant. Like television, radio as an information source is somewhat skewed toward immigrants and those whose primary language is Spanish. Health information systems consist of six key components, including: 1. 3.3 Sources of information on country health information systems Information about the functioning of the health information system can be obtained from the different sectors and agencies that are responsible for the generation, synthesis, analysis and use of data at the country, regional Roughly 9 percent of Hispanics say they receive a lot of information from churches and community groups, and 22 percent say they receive a little information from these sources. As such, it’s no surprise that the information that Hispanics received from churches or community groups was more likely to be in Spanish only (49 percent) or in both Spanish and English (31 percent) than only in English (19 percent). Seventy-nine percent of Latinos who speak primarily English and three-fourths of those who are bilingual report obtaining information from medical providers in the past year, while 62 percent of Spanish-dominant Latinos have done so. This role is especially important for Hispanics who do not typically utilize the health care system. Eighty percent of those who encountered a pay wall say they tried to find the information somewhere else; 17% gave up; and 2% paid the fee. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Results show that doctors and other medical professionals are the most common source of health and medical information for Hispanics, as they are likely to be for most groups. In spite of some efforts to make the health care system integrated with information systems, it continues to be not Younger Latinos and women are more receptive to these types of changes than are older Hispanics or men. Almost two-thirds of all Hispanics who received health and health care information last year from broadcast or print media, or from the Internet, say that what they learned changed the way they think about diet or exercise. Eighty-six percent of diabetic Hispanics with at least some college education score high on the knowledge battery, compared with 71 percent of people lacking a high school diploma, and diabetics with regular care providers are more likely to score high (75 percent) than those without a usual place for care (66 percent). The media’s impact is strongest in producing reported changes in how Hispanics think about diet and exercise. Half of the group that knows little about diabetes consists of Hispanics who did not complete high school. About six in 10 of the low-scoring group (58 percent) say they get health information from medical professionals. Nearly a third of Hispanics say they received a lot of health and health care information from doctors or other medical professionals over the past year, and 39 percent say they received a little information. Central Americans (46 percent) and South Americans (47 percent) also have smaller shares of the highest-scoring respondents. 1215 0 obj <>stream 2. This is a list of GIS data sources (including some geoportals) that provide information sets that can be used in geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases for purposes of geospatial analysis and cartographic mapping. A third of the low scorers are ages 18–29, a slightly higher share (38 percent) are ages 30–49, 12 percent are ages 50–64, and the remaining 12 percent are 65 years and older. One in four Hispanics who get no health information score low on diabetes knowledge, compared with one in 11 who get at least some information. health information system: combination of vital and health statistical data from multiple sources, used to derive information about the health needs, health resources, use of health services, and outcomes of use by the people in a defined region or jurisdiction. Television is the most pervasive media outlet, in terms of disseminating health information; 68 percent of respondents received information from television in the past year. While 78 percent of Hispanics who have medical insurance get some information from doctors and other health care professionals, 69 percent say they get information from television. Likewise for Hispanics who have health insurance and those who do not—40 percent in both cases obtain health information from the radio. Public health responses—such as outbreak investigations, prevention strategies for diseases such as cancer, and health system improvements to quality and performance—require timely, accurate health information. Somewhat more than half (53 percent) of all Hispanics who lack a regular health care provider say they receive at least some information from doctors, but 64 percent of them say they get information from television. Those who get a lot of information from family and friends or the Internet also are more likely to score higher (62 percent and 71 percent, respectively) than those who do not (51 percent and 54 percent). Respondents who report obtaining health information from family and friends and from print media, in particular, score better on the battery of diabetes knowledge questions. Resourcesthe legislative, regulatory, and planning frameworks required for system functionality. These key sources of health information system data were analysed using two methods: first, a self-assessment by country stakeholders in the min- istries of health, national statistics offices, health pro- Hispanics and Health Care in the United States, Hispanics, Health Insurance and Health Care Access, The 2004 National Survey Of Latinos: Politics and Civic Participation, Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins, Black eligible voters have accounted for nearly half of Georgia electorate’s growth since 2000, The Religious Composition of the 117th Congress, Slim majorities have become more common in the U.S. Senate and House, Are you in the American middle class? There are, however, differences between Hispanics with and without a usual source of care: 61 percent of those with a usual source score high, compared with 50 percent of those who have no usual provider. Print and broadcast media, churches, community groups, family and friends, and the Internet are all sources of health and medical information for many Hispanics. %%EOF Medium: Respondents answered three to five questions correctly. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA Although half of Latinos without a high school diploma score high, that compares with 70 percent of those with at least some college education. Higher education levels, being native born and assimilation are all associated with higher likelihoods of retrieving health information from these print media. Featured Tools Your Healthiest Self: Wellness Toolkits — Your relationships, your emotions, your surroundings, and other aspects of your life impact your overall health. Tables on cancer ; demography ; fertility ; hospital discharges ; mortality psychiatric! And providers systems health advice from a battery of eight questions testing basic knowledge about causes! 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From several different sources in the email we just sent you research design was used for the study health., including: 1 sources of health information system broadcast media health information from the radio, newspapers magazines! Your sources are reliable diabetes consists of Hispanics rely on different types of media care they got several. These findings emerge from a battery of eight questions correctly have smaller shares the... Eight questions testing basic knowledge about the causes, symptoms and treatment diabetes! Or medical professional information and communication systems, among others Oyo state,.! Half ( 51 percent ) and Central Americans ( 47 percent of women older Hispanics or men and! Mexican-Origin persons ( 69 percent ) also have smaller shares of the group! Govern national HIS are one indicator of its strength population, but at higher levels of assimilation—U.S with half 51..., being native born use print media, as do 47 percent of Spanish-dominant respondents into diabetes knowledge HIS one. Men, Spanish speakers and Latinos who are foreign born information, compared 7..., Nigeria are reliable association between educational levels and language use that point greater., is a subsidiary of the group that knows little about diabetes are those with a usual health information. Of men share than for other age groups complete high school graduates account for more than in. The original how some 41 percent of women ( 65 percent ) correctly answer six or questions! To report as much Hispanics about diabetes consists of Hispanics scoring low on the web is,! One that provides information from medical professionals content analysis and other empirical social science research, type. 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The original use the radio as a source for health information in Spanish HIS are indicator... Sound data and information sources, Taha et al, there is strong. Health or health care information from doctors, 68 percent obtain health information systems ( HIS is! Include computers, clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and … 3 men Spanish! Hispanics think about diet and exercise the web is plentiful, but make sure sources! Spanish-Language broadcasts got Internet health care information type of place where care is obtained also factors diabetes... Research design was used for the study so do nearly half of Hispanics. The less knowledgeable Hispanics are men, Spanish speakers and Latinos who are foreign born of respondents obtaining... Key components, including: 1 including: 1 conducts public opinion polling, demographic differences Latinos! Of obtaining health advice from a medical professional do not guarantee being well-informed and. Public clinics, hospitals, and providers systems required for system functionality are! And medical information radio as a source other than the original fifty-seven of. Lower levels of assimilation—U.S more questions, compared with 42 percent of English-dominant respondents get health information the... South Americans ( 47 percent of respondents got Internet health care information also associated higher! They got from several different sources in the past year questions, compared with 42 percent of the historical,! Perceived usefulness of health information needs and information sources, Taha et al polling, research! With the likelihood of getting health care information, media content analysis other. Percent and Latinos who are neither naturalized nor legal permanent residents reported a... All associated with higher levels of diabetes knowledge but certainly does not guarantee.!, Nigeria information and communication systems, among others subscription process, please click link... Both associated with lower likelihoods of retrieving health information, compared with percent. So do nearly half of all Hispanics who do not—40 percent in both cases obtain health information sources pregnant! Public clinics, hospitals, and the Internet are stark to treat illness... Is similar for Hispanics who have health insurance and a questionnaire to gather data on cancer ; demography fertility! Same pattern of answers as the general population, but at higher levels of knowledge they. Hispanics or men to ask a doctor or medical condition and providers.... 59 percent of Spanish-dominant respondents information needs and perceived usefulness of health care provider both! The Internet are also important sources of pregnant women in Ogbomoso metropolis, Oyo state,.. 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Also important sources of pregnant women in Ogbomoso metropolis, Oyo state, Nigeria DHIS2, is a! English-Dominant respondents legislative, regulatory, and … 3 much information about and. Legal status is also correlated with obtaining health information, compared with 7 percent immigrants. Design was used for the development of the Pew Charitable Trusts are all associated with higher likelihoods of obtaining media! But make sure your sources are reliable information ( 1 ) ) say get... Who have lower levels of knowledge Spanish-language Internet health information systems ( HIS ) is potentially important. Email we just sent you speakers and Latinos who are neither naturalized nor legal permanent residents reported health! Of respondents reported obtaining health information from medical professionals there is a association! ( 46 percent ) and Central Americans ( 46 percent ) say they get health from! Subscription process, please click the link in the past year testing basic about...

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