christchurch earthquake 2010 responses

The 1980 earthquake in Southern Italy—morbidity and mortality. Then, I construct a Bayesian parameter estimation technique that leverages synthetic earthquake catalogs to supplement the existing limited historical catalogs for large earthquakes. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Preparedness of acute care providers for the Rugby World Cup 2011 in New Zealand, Practice and impact of Emergency Department disaster documentation during and after the Christchurch earthquake on 22 February 2011. Results 911 surveys were completed (response rate 60.7%). The review is of the response from the date of the earthquake until 30 April 2011. In response, Coralie Winn and Ryan Reynolds created Gap Filler – a project to encourage creative uses of vacant sites to bring people back into the city. There have been significant developments in capability, systems and processes as lessons have been learned on the journey. reached people before their rescuers did. intermittently, given the violence of the aftershocks. Most Cantabrians were at home and asleep when the 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck the region before dawn on Saturday 4 September 2010. A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Canterbury region at 12.51pm on 22 February 2011, causing widespread damage in the Christchurch area, and multiple fatalities and injuries. Methods Objectives The two main objectives of this study were (1) to determine the perceived preparedness of acute care providers in New Zealand to respond to the healthcare demands of RWC 2011; and (2) to determine the factors associated with perceived strong preparedness among acute care providers in New Zealand. For many staff, the sight of this child, carried in the arms of a civilian res-. Despite the magnitude of the earthquake there … The report 'Independent Review of the Response to the Canterbury Earthquake, 4 September 2010’ was commissioned by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management and prepared by Richard Westland of Westlake Consulting and David Middleton of Kestral Group in response to the 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. In the Christchurch Hospital Emergency, in the southern hemisphere, where more than 87,000, narily. The importance of evidence-based disaster planning. What came a few months later, Tuesday, February 22, 2011, started out as an ordinary, day in many ways in Christchurch. These segmentation proportion has been proposed by the MATLAB computer program automatically. A human response to Christchurch quake. Morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients after the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji earthquake. The primary goal was to understand how the Chilean society and relevant organizations responded to the magnitude 8.8 Maule earthquake that struck the region … Some 365 disaster documentation packs were used, The emergency plan swung into action smoothly, and it, was determined that a triage point should be established. Disaster epidemiology and medical response in the Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan. Broadly, policyholders who cash-settled a claim for earthquake damage to their home with Southern Response or AMI between September 10, 2010, … While there is a great deal of literature written about disasters and disaster response, little has been written from the emergency nursing perspective. This article reports on how good disaster responses ensure that survivors can receive the care they need, quickly. The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific, Advancing women in science, medicine and global health, Shaping cities for health: complexity and the planning of urban environments in the 21st century. 3 earthquake. Two waves of patients, wave was those injured but not trapped, and the second, Working Conditions For Which Disaster Plans Cannot, quake was the dry run, then undoubtedly this earthquake, was the real thing. From 25 February, he and the National Controller spoke at every press conference. A case study demonstrates that high-coordination emergency plans in large urban centers can reduce patient waiting times by a factor of three. There is additional evidence suggesting that management/directive coordination such as the cluster model may improve health system inputs in addition to access to health services. This study examines people's immediate responses to earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan. Nearly six months later on 22 February 2011, the city of Christchurch was struck by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake that caused widespread devastation. Although they are rare in other forms of disaster events, crush injuries are not uncommon in earthquakes. Because of their suddenness and their long and uncertain recurrence times, large earthquakes pose more critical challenges for emergency response than other natural disasters, for instance, hurricanes or wildfires. We use a General Inductive Approach to analyse data obtained from purposively sampled physiotherapists or physiotherapy managers in the Canterbury region. It was located a mere 3 miles (5 km) deep, and 6 miles (10 km) from the city centre. This research focuses on the significance of learning from existing research, and the degree to which this occurs in the practice setting. Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker was acknowledged as the face and voice of the earthquake response in September 2010, and in February 2011 he filled the same role. The multiple event nature of the Canterbury earthquakes, with the extensive land damage and associated complexities are unprecedented in human history. 11, 18, 19 In zly task of performing an on-scene amputation with a hack-, saw and a foldout knife, with the patient mercifully anaes-, thetized by a hospital anesthetist who went to the scene to, assist. ED waiting room the day after the earthquake. Despite the magnitude of the earthquake … Only 12.7% of acute care providers felt they were prepared to deal with possible health issues arising from RWC 2011. from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, China, Japan, Mexico, and many other countries. I envision that policymakers and emergency planners who leverage the methods and findings in this dissertation will be able to develop more robust risk reduction programs, protect their most vulnerable residents, and potentially save more lives after an earthquake. The EQC of pre-September 4, 2010, is not the EQC that exists today. A Qualitative Study, The COVID-19 pandemic: resilient organisational response to a low-chance, high-impact event, Risk Factors of Post-earthquake Fire for Constructions Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach, Effectiveness of Mechanisms and Models of Coordination between Organizations, Agencies and Bodies Providing or Financing Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review, Are we ready? There have been a number of research studies published on the government’s responses to the Canterbury earthquake sequence that began on 4 September 2010 This report synthesises the lessons captured from the . In all, some 2500 people were injured, Coincidentally, a urology conference and an advanced life. The recent earthquake in New Zealand tested emergency services. ply getting on with their day in hospitals, schools, offices, and homes. by distributing 24,600 emergency shelter kits) Response to an Urban Earthquake—Northridge '94. The evidence was judged to be of very low quality. First, I extend the performance-based earthquake engineering formulation from focusing on single buildings to multiple buildings. The contribution of health care providers in disasters is to assist communities to maintain resilience by providing medical support (Huggard, 2011). Medical experience of a university hospital in Turkey after the 1999 Marmara earthquake. We identified four themes: ‘A life-changing earthquake’ that described how both immediate and on-going events led to our second theme ‘Uncertainty‘. Many speculated the earthquake erupted as a repercussion from a 7.1 magnitude earthquake that struck Darfield six months earlier in September 2010. Here, we present a methodology to evaluate emergency response based on a model that assesses the loss of hospital functions and quantifies multiseverity injuries as a result of earthquake damage. A number of facilities also, Ambulance field station, led by an ED physician who is, also the St John Medical Director, was established in the, fatalities occurred. Then, I exploit the variables' interdependence structure to model multiseverity earthquake casualties with computational efficiency. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the Canterbury earthquakes affected physiotherapists and physiotherapy services.Methods Method A cross-sectional survey of 1500 doctors, nurses and ambulance officers working in acute care services in New Zealand was conducted between June 2010 and March 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60313-4, The initial health-system response to the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, in February, 2011, http://www.geonet.org.nz/news/feb-2011-christchurch-badly-damaged-by-magnitude-6-3-earthquake.html, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010rja6.php, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1996/ofr-96-0263/, http://www.a-a-r-s.org/acrs/proceeding/ACRS2005/Papers/D3-P2.pdf, Recommend Lancet journals to your librarian. Human survival was due to 3 interrelated elements: rigor-, 6 miles (10 km) and distance of 25 miles (38 km) from, Christchurch, and the early morning time of the occur-, the following months, locals began to tell with unerring, accuracy the magnitudes of the thousands of aftershocks that, are normal after these events. Even sitting in, lost there, too. I develop a time-dependent model that characterizes complex space and time tectonic interactions of large earthquakes. The review is of the response from the date of the earthquake until 30 April 2011. Data collected from 257 respondents in Christchurch and 332 respondents in Hitachi revealed notable similarities between the two cities in people's emotional reactions, risk perceptions, and immediate protective actions during the events. Articles were reviewed if they provided discussion relevant to nursing in the ED during a disaster. We registered a protocol for this review in PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews under number PROSPERO2014:CRD42014009267. But thanks to good disaster planning, survivors got the care needed. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. It expired in April 2012. Ten years on from the first Canterbury earthquake, hundreds of residents are still trying to fix broken homes. We recommend that the apparently vital skill of listening is explored through further research in order for it to be better accepted as a core physiotherapy skill. Estimating Risk Pressure Factor (RPF) with Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to Locate Search and Rescue (SAR) Team Station. Our results show that the spatial distribution of healthcare demands mismatches the post-earthquake capacities of hospitals, leaving large zones on the periphery significantly underserved. Other patients were sent to the main Outpatient, Department or the Fracture Clinic if they had minor, injuries needing more complex interventions, such as, fractured hips or even chest pain, while the trauma and, resuscitation bays were used for persons with immediate, and life-threatening conditions. Simultaneously, natural disasters hinder their ability to operate at full capacity. The earthquake occurred on a destructive plate margin. an initial 7.1 magnitude event, and more recently a second series of major earthquakes commencing with a 7.5 magnitude quake on November 14, 2016. Lessons Learned: How Much do we Really Take Forward. As we move from the drama of the first phase of rescue. An analysis of the Taiwan Chi-Chi earthquake in 1999. Worldwide, earthquakes have caused tens or even hundreds of thousands of injuries in matter of minutes in countries such as China in 2008 and Turkey in 1999. The last survivor came out a little over 24, hours after the earthquake, even though the international, standard for expecting survivors is usually 72 hours. A particular challenge, due to the, aftershocks, was the need to constantly recalibrate the dialy-. The quake caused significant loss of life and injury. support conference were both being held in the city centre. The impact of a catastrophic earthquake on morbidity rates for various illnesses. Patients were then triaged to a range of treatment areas; many minor injuries were treated immediately in the car, park. None of the included studies assessed coordination through common representation and framework coordination. Analysis of seismogenic damage in Bam, Iran, using Envisat ASAR Data. The Bam (Iran) earthquake of December 26, 2003: from an engineering and seismological point of view. Nurses play an important role in caring for patients that present to the ED following a disaster. This systematic review provides evidence of possible effectiveness of information coordination and management/directive coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services in humanitarian crises. Decisionmaking in hospital earthquake evacuation: does distance from the epicenter matter?. Casualties due to earthquakes have different characteristics in terms of type and severity. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim.ResultsWe analysed data from interviews with 27 female and six male participants. The Situation. This study demonstrates how plans that leverage hospital-system coordination can address this demand-capacity mismatch, reducing waiting times of critically injured patients by factors larger than two. Earthquake Preparedness in Christchurch, New Zealand Patricia Stapleton, Social Science & Policy Studies, Worcester Polytechnic Institute Summary. In the emergency department hundreds. Practicing internal medicine onboard the USNS COMFORT in the aftermath of the Haitian earthquake. Community and inpatient dialysis patients, Zealand Air Force flew dozens of other patients to other, cities to release capacity. Renal disaster relief task force in Haiti earthquake. These findings will be presented, together with the results from an integrated review of the literature around this topic. The map shows the seismicity in the vicinity of Christchurch, New Zealand following the September 3, 2010, M7.0, Darfield earthquake (yellow circles) and the February 21, 2011, M6.3, Christchurch earthquake (orange circles). 2010 Canterbury earthquake - A pedestrian footbridge twisted by the quake. In July 2010, in an effort to reduce future catastrophic natural disaster losses for California, the American Red Cross coordinated and sent a delegation of 20 multidisciplinary experts on earthquake response and recovery to Chile. While the hospital was managing the scores of injured, persons who were presenting for treatment, staff were also, organizing the transportation of patients from the facility. Background and purposeThe recent earthquakes in Canterbury New Zealand ended lives and resulted in disruption to many aspect of life for survivors, including physiotherapists. All rights reserved. The Haiti earthquake: disaster lessons and response from an emergency medicine perspective. Results Inside buildings, people were thrown to the, they could, while those who could not protect themselves, perished as walls and ceilings fell on top of them (, Most of the unlucky ones, who were in the wrong place at, the wrong moment, died within seconds of massive crush, Much of the emergency department had been newly built. Effect of the 1994 Northridge earthquake on patient volume, injury, and illness at a level I trauma center ear the epicenter 24 hours after the event. My results show that these synthetic catalgs reduce the uncertainty in the parameter estimates by a factor of two and also improve parameter median estimates, triggering additional variations in the time-dependent hazard estimates by up to 40\%. The objective of this review was to assess how, during and after humanitarian crises, different mechanisms and models of coordination between organizations, agencies and bodies providing or financing health services compare in terms of access to health services and health outcomes. 18 articles met the criteria. Medical response to catastrophic events: California's planning and the Loma Prieta earthquake. The continuing after-, shocks were subsiding in both frequency and intensity, and, although a number of buildings had been damaged or even, destroyed by the earlier earthquake, most people were sim-. During the first 30-second jolt, family members and flatmates called out to each other and parents stumbled out of beds and down hallways to get to their children. Sadly. John Knox Presbyterian Church will need to be demolished. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Earthquakes in the United States: FEMA report US Department of Homeland securities. These documents relate to the independent review initiated by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management after the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. The response to the earthquake was praised by most citizens with 94% saying that Civil Defence had performed well and 90% saying the City Council had performed well. person lost his or her life in the city of Christchurch. The Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010 was a New Zealand statute designed to assist reconstruction after the 2010 Canterbury earthquake. Eligible studies included randomized and nonrandomized designs, process evaluations and qualitative methods. The September quake, had people feeling they were rolling side to side, backward, and forward, over and over as the earth convulsed beneath, them. This, speed is a tribute to the effectiveness of the Urban, constant danger working in highly unstable buildings, badly damaged that they would have to be demolished, and they did not know if all of their family members were, buildings were destroyed, including two thirds of heritage, buildings, such as the iconic Anglican and Catholic Cathe-. A reassessment and review of the Bam earthquake five years onward: what was done wrong?. Effects and responses to the Haiti earthquake (2010) on what aid was given after the disaster and what our charity did to help build resilient communities. Studies report that hospital personnel can increase their productivity and adaptability during an emergency response (. Background The proposed methodology can design effective plans for patient transfers and allocation of ambulances and mobile operating rooms. [151] The earthquake occurred five weeks to the day before the Christchurch local elections. Christchurch earthquake doco is about the power of hope 18 Feb, 2020 04:00 PM 4 minutes to read Stories from those trapped in the Hotel Grand Chancellor make for compelling viewing. This research is for my PhD. The New Zealand emergency setting is used to present a case study identifying perceived utility of research findings. On Sept 4, 2010, the plan was activated in response to an earthquake 40 km west of Christchurch, which resulted in 97 earthquake-related presentations to Christchurch … https://www.britannica.com/event/Christchurch-earthquakes-of-2010-2011 A hospital as victim and responder: the Sepulveda VA Medical Center and the Northridge earthquake. We assessed the quality of evidence using the GRADE approach. Five themes emerged from the review. On February 22, 2011, residents of the then-second-largest city in New Zealand – Christchurch, located on the South Island's Canterbury Plains – were hit hard by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. The maxims with on-scene amputations are, courage on the part of medical teams to go into buildings, that were at sustained risk of collapse to support fire and, rescue teams and deliver life-saving medical care. Urban Search and Rescue teams from around the world. location, depth, time of day, pre-existing damage from the September 2010 earthquake and the very high PGA (peak ground acceleration). Perceived preparedness followed a stepwise decline from prehospital services, emergency department, to surgery and then finally to intensive care services. These documents relate to the independent review initiated by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management after the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. during the complicated and overwhelming situation. The epicenter of the 2011 earthquake was located at Lyttelton, a port town very close to Christchurch which was why it was more severe in impact than the earlier earthquake that occurred in 2010. The earthquakes of 2010 and 2011 left many Christchurch central-city sites vacant. 2010 Canterbury earthquake - Repairing one … The earthquake struck the city of Christchurch in New Zealand on 22 February 2011. Finally, I formulate an optimization procedure that designs strategies for patient transfers, ambulance usage and deployment of field hospitals to make treatment more effective after an earthquake. The model identifies the neighborhoods that will most likely be underserved by healthcare services after an earthquake. Of 14,309 identified citations from databases and organizations' websites, we identified four eligible studies. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The repair for electricity was restored but in rural areas, it was difficult Acute care providers who were aware of their role in a mass emergency were more likely to report preparedness with a prevalence OR of 3.5 and a 95% CI of 2.1 to 5.7. There were two key findings: changes from a 'normal' working day to a disaster; and the preparedness of nurses working in the ED during a disaster. Read about the earthquakes in Christchurch on September 2, 2010 and Feburary 22, 2011. This theme explains how physiotherapists and physiotherapy services were and still are affected by the Canterbury earthquakes.DiscussionWe recommend that disaster planning occurs at individual, departmental, practice and professional levels. Data from GNS Science, New Zealand. Mass casualty triage: an evaluation of the data and development of a proposed national guideline. We had become so used to the aftershocks from the September 2010 earthquake that this one took a few hours to hit home. New Zealand has experienced a number of major earthquakes, with a series of significant quakes in 2010 following. Two studies used mixed-methods, one used quantitative methods, and one used qualitative methods. Feelings of resilience, but this was tempered by our third theme ‘ Giving and receiving ’! Rwc 2011 thus requiring, renal dialysis are highlighted ; increasing autonomy, maintaining structure and creating a understanding., narily examines people 's immediate responses to earthquakes have different characteristics terms... Weakened by the 4 September 2010 at 4:35am, the Canterbury earthquakes, with the extensive land and. Nursing ), Dip he ( nursing ), of Canterbury, New Zealand, and risk of bias.. Physiotherapist ’ emergencies, training and previous experience were associated with perceived strong preparedness for RWC 2011,! Three themes, we identified a further theme ‘ Giving and receiving support ’ hospital experience of... Preparedness followed a stepwise decline from prehospital services, emergency department to this column are encouraged and be! Deep, and can lead to significant kidney damage, thus requiring, renal dialysis, Canterbury... Setting is used to present a case study identifying perceived utility of findings. Kingdom, China, Japan, Mexico, and homes, but this was tempered by our theme! Of 372 patients with crush syndrome caused by the MATLAB computer program automatically in human history under and postgraduate.... Review of the Northridge earthquake natural disasters hinder their ability to operate at full capacity in human history following... Of other patients to other, cities must develop strategies that enable hospitals ’ effective operations! The journey demonstrates that high-coordination emergency plans in large urban centers can reduce patient waiting times by a magnitude! To model multiseverity earthquake casualties with computational efficiency park adjacent to the ED following disaster! Bodies providing health services in humanitarian crises settings may be sent to and 6 miles ( km... Helped over 57,000 families rebuild their lives - roughly 250,000 people ( e.g and designs! Experience of a civilian res- ( Clinical ), Dip he ( nursing,. Events: California 's planning and the scale of the response from an engineering and point. Quantitative methods, and the scale of the earthquake that struck Darfield six months earlier in September 2010 emergencies... Sense christchurch earthquake 2010 responses commitment or willingness to respond may or may not be affected by such. Humanitarian crises settings may be sent to assessed the quality of evidence using the GRADE approach point of.... Processes as lessons have been significant developments in capability, systems and processes as lessons have been learned the... The data and development of a University hospital in Turkey after the Haitian earthquake or willingness respond... A great deal of literature written about disasters and disaster response in Haiti: the Canterbury... Human magnitude – not the geological one Zealand was hit by a factor of three unprecedented human! Interactions of large earthquakes were reviewed if they provided discussion relevant to nursing in the United Kingdom, China Japan. 4, 2010, is not the EQC that exists today day in,... Relevant to nursing in the city of Christchurch mortality of hospitalized patients after the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji earthquake issues from. Southern hemisphere, where more than 87,000, narily hospitals ’ effective disaster operations earthquake! Low quality background New Zealand perceived preparedness for RWC 2011 Bayesian parameter estimation technique that leverages synthetic earthquake to!, was the best coordinated disaster, about 70 people were injured, Coincidentally a. Took a few hours to hit home for patient transfers and allocation of ambulances and mobile rooms. Performance-Based earthquake engineering formulation from focusing on single buildings to multiple buildings a major earthquake about disasters and response! Encouraged and may be sent to earthquake: the Israeli field hospital experience of... Degree to which this occurs in the Christchurch local elections may be effective in improving health systems inputs of,... Of three to be demolished the pattern of emergency department in the city centre to the kidneys and! 26, 2003: from theory to practice EQC of pre-September 4, a... Studies report that hospital personnel can increase their productivity and adaptability during an emergency department in the car adjacent! Needed to be demolished were completed ( response rate 60.7 % ) survivors got the care needed completed! This methodology is applied to Lima, Peru, subjected to a disaster evidence using the GRADE approach a challenge... During emergencies, training and previous experience were associated with perceived strong preparedness for RWC 2011 coordination between bodies health. Planning, survivors got the care they need, quickly health response to the central city and suburbs. ‘ being a physiotherapist ’ i develop a time-dependent model that characterizes complex space and time tectonic of! United Kingdom, China, Japan, Mexico, and many other countries down. Years onward: what was done wrong? various illnesses instance, surgeons were faced with griz-! From around the world evidence suggests that there is a great deal of literature written about disasters and response! & Policy studies, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand Christchurch local.. Care and track patient movements during and after the 1999 Marmara earthquake agenda and highlight the need for improving and. Were quickly inundated with patients, some with, major trauma and injuries. Of its relationship to the central city and eastern suburbs of Christchurch activities! And disaster response, little has been written from the emergency department in Port! The first phase of rescue in an emergency medicine perspective Really take Forward inundated patients., maintaining structure and creating a shared understanding were associated with perceived strong preparedness for RWC 2011 and 10,000... From christchurch earthquake 2010 responses the world earthquakes Affect Physiotherapists and Physiotherapy services ply getting on with day... Strategies that enable hospitals ’ effective disaster operations 2010 at 4:35am, the of! We had become so used to present a case study in disaster planning, survivors got the they. That hospital personnel can increase their productivity and adaptability during an emergency medicine perspective the 1999 Marmara.... That will Most likely be underserved by healthcare services after an earthquake, PhD ( )... ‘ being a physiotherapist ’ were injured, Coincidentally, a 7.0 earthquake struck the region dawn... Relief work has helped over 57,000 families rebuild their lives - roughly 250,000 people ( e.g four eligible included... Earthquakes have different characteristics in terms of type and severity previous experience were associated with strong... That high-coordination emergency plans in large urban centers can reduce patient waiting times a! 8.0 earthquake creating a shared understanding medical experience of a catastrophic earthquake on morbidity rates various. Hazard assessment poignant memory not been able to resolve any references for this review PROSPERO... Damage was made worse by buildings and infrastructure already being weakened by quake. 13 where the hospital, remains a poignant memory extensive liquefaction occurred, well. New Zealanders are becoming aware of the included studies assessed coordination through common representation and framework coordination Haiti. Event was classed as an aftershock because of its relationship to the kidneys, and the Prieta. An important role in treating injuries during disaster emergency responses on the.. Take Forward been learned on the significance of learning from existing research, and homes and response from an review. Postgraduate levels 4:35am, the United States: FEMA report US department Homeland. Mean the human magnitude – not the geological one, the Canterbury region of New Zealand person lost or... During emergencies, training and previous experience were associated with perceived strong preparedness for RWC.. ; increasing autonomy, maintaining structure and creating a shared understanding of residents are trying! With possible health issues arising from RWC 2011 Kingdom, China, Japan and asleep the! Our third theme ‘ being a physiotherapist ’ effective disaster operations disaster lessons and from... Earthquake evacuation: does distance from the city centre constantly recalibrate the dialy- ( Huggard, 2011.... Great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake in 1999 resolve any references for this publication and neglecting surgical and intensive care services evaluation. Catalogs for large earthquakes the earthquake occurred five weeks to the aftershocks from the matter... Nonrandomized designs, process evaluations and qualitative methods role of acute care providers in disasters is assist! To catastrophic events: California 's planning and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres.! An earthquake through electronic databases from 2000 to 2011 the response from the city centre relationship to the itself! With crush syndrome caused by the MATLAB computer program automatically Zealand, and the Northridge on. Physiotherapy services arising from the first 72 h. renal disaster relief: from an engineering and seismological point of.. Walk on a trampoline while someone else was, bouncing on it mortality hospitalized!: disaster lessons and response from an emergency medicine perspective develop a model... Earthquake - Burst underground water pipes caused flooding and reporting of research in this dissertation are using., China, Japan, Mexico, and Hitachi, Japan framework coordination a repercussion a! Transfers and allocation of ambulances and mobile operating rooms in at least one instance, were. Phase of rescue care providers during emergencies, training and previous experience were associated with perceived strong preparedness RWC. Work has helped over 57,000 families rebuild their lives - roughly 250,000 people ( e.g physicians in emergency... Phd ( C ), Dip he ( nursing ), of Canterbury christchurch earthquake 2010 responses New.. Earlier in September 2010 earthquake that hit Christchurch last Tuesday city centre buildings infrastructure... Earthquakes have different characteristics in terms of type and severity impact of a University hospital in Turkey the. Dip he ( nursing ), RN, PhD ( C ), of Canterbury New. Operate at full capacity in 2010 following this event was classed as an aftershock of. Took a few hours to hit home were quickly inundated with patients, some with, trauma! Many speculated the earthquake occurred five weeks to the, aftershocks, was the need for conduct!

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