german cruiser blücher wreck

Colonel Eriksen, Commander of the Oscarsborg fortress near Drøbak, mainly maintained for historical purposes, sank the German heavy cruiser Blücher in the Drøbak narrows. Colonel Eriksen, Commander of the Oscarsborg fortress near Drøbak, mainly maintained for historical purposes, sank the German heavy cruiser Blücher in the Drøbak narrows. Sten Stockmann - www.advanceddivermagazine.com | Snekker Anders (Youtube) | Esben Johannsen (Youtube) | Wouter Groenewegen (Youtube) - Northsea Explorers (Vimeo) - Stig Fredrik Johansson (Vimeo) - Stig Fredrik Johansson (Vimeo). The Scharnhorst, an armoured battle-cruiser … When the guns on both sides silenced, with all the "passengers" still under deck—"there was a dead silence on board the whole ship, no movement whatsoever was identified".[32]. The Blücher was a German Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruiser. [17] The battery had three torpedo tunnels which could fire six torpedoes without reloading and a total of nine torpedoes were stored and ready for use. Hitler’s plan for conquering Norway was simple. One of the 15 cm rounds from Kopås disabled Blücher's steering gear and forced the cruiser's crew to steer her using the engines to avoid running aground. The Blucher lies in 92m depth in the Oslo-fjord and is due to prevailing conditions a very demanding dive. [9] The third torpedo launcher was left loaded in case more ships were to follow close behind Blücher. She was the only ship of her class and was the first large warship built in Germany after the end of World War I.She was built at the Reichsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven; her keel was laid down in December 1921 and her completed hull was launched in January 1925. Even though it and the country were ultimately captured and occupied, the effects of delaying the German advance were immediate and considerable. [42], By the time Blücher sank, the remaining naval force destined for Oslo had long since turned around and retreated back down the fjord. It marked the end of the "Phoney War" and the beginning of World War II in Western Europe. [31], The return fire from Blücher was ineffective, with the light artillery mostly pointing too high and the main batteries, 20.3 cm guns, unable to fire due to the damage caused by the second 28 cm round from Oscarsborg's Main Battery. ("That cannot shake a sailor"). VHF-radio and a skilled and experienced surface-crew is a must. The wreck counts as a war-grave, hundreds of sailors and soldiers died on it. [23], While fire raged aboard Blücher, the secondary Norwegian coastal batteries fired at her with guns ranging in calibre from the two small 57 mm (2.24 in) pieces at Husvik, intended to protect the fortress' missing mine barrier, to the three 15 cm (5.9 in) guns of the Kopås Battery on the eastern side of the fjord. As the political situation was chaotic, the 64-year-old commander, Oberst (Colonel) Birger Eriksen, had not received any clear orders and had received no notice as to whether the approaching warships were German or Allied. … In addition to the depth the vessel is turned upside-down, and strong tides make diving possible only at specific times. Due to this, the retired Kommandørkaptein (Commander Senior Grade) Andreas Anderssen, who lived in nearby Drøbak, had been assigned as temporary commander for the battery. She was hit by shells from 15km distance and capsized near Doggersbank. Admiral Hipper immediately ordered his ships homeward, but it was too late for Blücher, the slowest of the party. [44], The fortress was subjected to heavy Luftwaffe bombing later on the same day, to which the fortress could only reply with two Bofors 40 mm L/60 anti-aircraft (AA) guns and three Colt M/29 7.92 mm (0.312 in) AA machine guns at Seiersten Battery, as well as another four Colt M/29 7.92 mm AA machine guns at Håøya Battery,[45] but again there were no Norwegian casualties. [46] Amongst the bombers that attacked Oscarsborg were twenty-two long-range Junkers Ju 87R "Stuka" dive bombers of Sturzkampfgeschwader 1 under the command of Hauptmann Paul-Werner Hozzel, operating from Kiel-Holtenau airport in northern Germany. [19] Upon giving the command, Eriksen was questioned. The Kriegsmarine's newest ship at the outbreak of World War II, having been in commission for just over six months, she was sunk by Norwegian shore defences at the Battle of Drøbak Sound on April 9, 1940, the first day of the invasion of Norway (Operation Weserübung). During this retreat, the fortress managed to damage the heavy cruiser "Lützow". 9th of April 1940. These torpedoes had been practice-launched well over 200 times before, but no one was certain if they would function or not. [38] Around 1,000 of the Germans, including Generalmajor Erwin Engelbrecht and Admiral Oskar Kummetz, were eventually moved to a nearby farm and placed under light guard. Oscarsborg had fulfilled its mission and denied an invader access to the capital. The map created by people like you! Don't Miss. As built, the ship had a straight stem, though after her launch this was replaced with a clipper bow increasing the overall length to 205.9 meters (676 ft).A raked funnel cap was also installed. The wreck was originally discovered by sonar by Statnett, a power company inspecting under water lines, back in 2017. The ship was launched on 8 June 1937, and was completed slightly over two years later, on 20 September 1939, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. The German Kriegsmarine, Blücher Operational History, Heavy Cruiser, Blücher, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1940, Admiral Hipper class The heavy cruiser Blücher would sail into the Oslo harbor, turn its cannons against the royal palace, and Norway would surrender. None of the prisoners were interrogated. The Battle of Drøbak Sound took place in Drøbak Sound, the northernmost part of the outer Oslofjord in southern Norway, on 9 April 1940. [34] The crew's struggle ended when, at 05:30,[34] fires reached a midship ammunition hold for the 10.5 cm (4.13 in) Flak guns, blowing a large gap in the ship's side. With all engines knocked out by the second torpedo hit, the cruiser anchored near the Askholmene islets just north and out of the arc of fire of the fort's guns to try to fight the ferocious fires raging throughout the vessel. 4 of the Norwegian Royal Guards under the command of Kaptein (Captain) A. J. T. Article 190 limited new cruiser designs to 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) and prohibited new construction until the vessel to be replaced was at least twenty years old. After firing, the two other tubes were reloaded and readied for the next target. Engelbrecht and Kummetz then made their way to Oslo. [7] In total, some 1,200 of the survivors had made it ashore at Frogn near Drøbak. [24] Kopås kept firing at the retreating ships until they disappeared in the mist at a range of around 3,000 m (3,300 yd). For some time after the battle, the belief was that Oscarsborg had sunk the artillery training ship Brummer. As Anderssen had overestimated the speed of his target slightly, the first torpedo hit near Blücher's forward turret (nicknamed "Anton"), creating only inconsequential damage. [47], Although the German naval attack on Oslo had been thwarted by the actions of Oscarsborg, the city was seized later that day by forces that were airlifted into Fornebu Airport. The flawless waterline hull has extensive superstructure detail cast in situ, as well as anchors, chains, and rolled-up torpedo nets. The two Norwegian guns had been loaded with live, 255 kg (562 lb) high-explosive shells;[21] firing them "in anger" was a violation of the pre-war Norwegian rules of engagement which dictated warning shots be fired first, as had been the case at Oslofjord Fortress further down the fjord. The loss of the German flagship, which carried most of the troops and Gestapo agents intended to occupy Oslo, delayed the German occupation long enough for King Haakon VII and his government to escape from the capital. The reserve officers were released on 15 May, while the full-time officers were transferred to Grini prison camp and released in late May 1940.[48]. Petersson. German cruiser Blücher sinking in the Oslofjord, originally spearheading the capture of the Norwegian capital and Royal Family. [37], In all, 650–800 Germans died,[9] and 550 of the approximately 1,400 wet and cold survivors of Blücher were captured by soldiers from Company no. Previously dived by Norwegian, Swedish and Danish teams, we had the honor of being the first Finns on the wreck... (read more at: www.advanceddivermagazine.com). [24] In all, thirteen 15 cm rounds and around thirty 57 mm shells hit the German cruiser as it passed the guns of the fortress' secondary batteries. Due to this the Blücher is only dived a few times a year. The heavy cruiser Blücher would sail into the Oslo harbor, turn its cannons against the royal palace, and Norway would surrender. The hilariously parodical scenes which follow include the monsters encounter with a lonely, blind hermit (Gene Hackman) who befriends him, spill… Emden was a light cruiser built for the German Reichsmarine in the early 1920s. The fortress's resistance blocked the route to … Please practice hand-washing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. Blücher's fire-fighting system was also knocked out by shell fragments from the two Norwegian batteries, making attempts to control the fires aboard the ship and rescue the many wounded much more difficult. Sinking of the German Kreuzer “Blücher” 14-02-2019 The Blücher was the second of five Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers of Nazi Germany’s Kriegsmarine, built after the rise of the Nazi Party and the repudiation of the Treaty of Versailles. [16] When Anderssen had been called back into duty a month previously, he had been a pensioner for 13 years, having originally retired from his post as commander of the torpedo battery in 1927. In addition Norway’s gold reserves were moved out of reach of the invaders and ultimately shipped to the Allies for Norway’s use during the war. Thus, the Norwegian government was able to continue the defence of Norway until it had evacuated to exile in the United Kingdom on 7 June, with the Norwegian Army laying down their arms on 10 June. Blucher as an armoured cruiser was very good, with excellent main guns, healthy secondaries, good armouring as well as compartmenting and a very good speed. [35], At 06:22, Blücher sank bow first into the depths of the Oslofjord, first laying over on her port side, then turning upside-down and finally succumbing with her screws the last to disappear below the surface. The Blücher was a German Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruiser. In one famous incident the German battle cruiser Blücher … Yourwhislist E-Commerce, S.L. By 18:30, the Norwegian soldiers withdrew from the area, abandoning the Germans. German transport planes flying through Oslofjord; The Norwegian victory was short lived as, unbeknown to Eriksen, the Blücher was only the first step in the invasion. Norwegian shore batteries sink the Blucher From a range of approximately 1800 metres the two 11inch (28cm) shells from the Krupps guns that were capable of firing caused massive damage to the Blucher. In light of the fall of the capital, and with news of German landings at the village of Son south of Drøbak,[46] Colonel Eriksen decided that further fighting without adequate infantry support was in vain, and agreed to a ceasefire in the evening of 9 April. The fortress' armaments worked flawlessly despite their age, sinking the Blücher in the sound and forcing the German fleet to fall back. The fjord was the scene of a key event in the German invasion of Norway in 1940. The planned coup against Oslo to force the surrender of the Norwegian government was replaced by a land advance up the Oslofjord.[43]. The invasion included a planned landing of 1,000 troops transported by ship to Oslo. [2], While the main combat station for the Main Battery and the commander of Oscarsborg fortress was on the island Håøya north-west of South Kaholmen, due to the special circumstances in 1940, Oberst Eriksen took position in the backup station on the eastern flank of the main battery at South Kaholmen.[18]. The Germans, on the other hand, lost a powerful heavy cruiser, 650-800 dead, approximately 50 wounded, and around 1000 were taken prisoner. The reason for the significant effect of the two 28 cm rounds on Blücher was that the first round penetrated the side of the ship and exploded inside a magazine containing cans of oil, smoke dispensers, incendiary bombs, aircraft bombs for the cruiser's Arado Ar 196 reconnaissance floatplanes and depth charges. Young Frankenstein (1974) is Mel Brooks inspired spoof of horror movies, in which Dr. Frankensteins grandson, Dr. Friedrich von Frankenstein (Gene Wilder), inherits his grandfathers castle and begins his own attempts at creating a human being and infusing it with the spark of life. [50], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°42′03″N 10°35′34″E / 59.7009°N 10.5927°E / 59.7009; 10.5927, Battle of World War II in the Norwegian Campaign. The fjord was the scene of a key event in the German invasion of Norway in 1940. [16] Colonel Eriksen later explained his decision by alluding to the fact that the German naval force already had forced their way past the Oslofjord Fortress' forts and had received both warning shots and live rounds from these more outlying coastal fortifications. She was built as a response to what German intelligence at the time believed were the specifications of... SMS Blücher was the last armored cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine. Named for Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, the Prussian victor of the Battle of Waterloo, the ship was laid down in August 1936 and launched in June 1937. [1][11][12] Brummer was indeed lost in connection with the invasion, but only when she was on her way back to Germany on 14 April, when she was torpedoed by the Royal Navy submarine HMS Sterlet and sank the next day. The ship was intended for long-range overseas service, so the designers placed emphasis on a large cruising radius and capaciou… As an unidentified flotilla started forcing its way past the outer fortifications in the south of the Oslofjord, late at night on 8 April, Oberst Eriksen called Anderssen in and had him come down to the fortress. Kummetz flew his flag in Blücher. Estimated Wreckposition of German Heavy Cruiser Blücher. Article 190 limited new cruiser designs to 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) and prohibited new construction until the vessel to be replaced was at least twenty years old. Part of the recruits' training was to lay the mine barrier, a process planned for a few days later. Because of the influx of 450 fresh recruits, the fortress' naval mines were not deployed on 9 April. The remaining ships turned around and landed the German invasion forces out of range of Oscarsborg. [25][26][28][29][30] Later, at 04:35, Oberst Eriksen received a message from the Norwegian minesweeper HNoMS Otra confirming that the intruding ships were German. The hotel was the temporary improvised location for the Royal Norwegian Navy Hospital, which had been evacuated from Horten at midnight on 8 April. The commander of the torpedo battery at Oscarsborg had at the time of the battle been on sick leave since March 1940. SMS Blücher (wreck) SMS Blücher (wreck) SMS Blücher was the last armored cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine. [48], The garrison at the main battery and at Håøya were treated separately by the Germans from those captured from the mainland batteries, and were released a week after the battle. At 04:21 on 9 April, Eriksen gave the Main Battery guns the order to fire at the lead ship of the unknown flotilla forcing its way towards Oslo. The heavy traffic in the straight is another danger. After passing the line of fire of the fortress' gun batteries, the cruiser was burning and severely damaged, but her captain still hoped he would be able to save his ship. In all, the fortress was subjected to nearly nine hours of air attack, during which time around five hundred bombs—ranging from 50–200 kg (110–440 lb) in size—were dropped on Oscarsborg. The German navies of the 1920s through 1945—the Reichsmarine and later Kriegsmarine—built or planned a series of heavy cruisers starting in the late 1920s, initially classified as Panzerschiffe (armored ships). The oil rapidly caught fire, killing hundreds more Germans. [23] There was only time for the Main Battery to fire these two rounds, due to their slow reload time with only 30 untrained recruits manning them at the time. The Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust is pleased to announce that the wreck of SMS Scharnhorst has been located off the Falkland Islands. The guardsmen were supposed to take all the Germans prisoner, but mainly focused on caring for the many wounded and dying. [27] After pulling out of range of the fortress guns, Lützow employed her remaining turret "Bruno" to bombard the defenders from a range of 9–10 km (4.9–5.4 nmi; 5.6–6.2 mi) down the fjord. Blücher was ordered by the Kriegsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel. According to Article 181 of the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty that ended World War I, the German Navy was permitted only six light cruisers. Blücher was the second of five Admiral Hipper -class heavy cruisers of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine, built after the rise of the Nazi Party and the repudiation of the Treaty of Versailles. The battle is depicted in the 2016 feature film The King's Choice. The Kriegsmarine's newest ship at the outbreak of World War II, having been in commission for just over six months, she was sunk by Norwegian shore defences at the Battle of Drøbak Sound on April 9, 1940, the first day of the invasion of Norway (Operation Weserübung). Kommandørkaptein Anderssen donned his old uniform and was transported by boat over the fjord to the torpedo battery. 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