red fife flour health benefits

13 Health Benefits Of The Superfood Amaranth. You will notice a more robust flavor and texture profile in all your culinary creations when you make this smart switch. Coconut flour has a diverse nutrient profile and may offer a range of health benefits. But back to Red Fife: here is a flour that any respectable foodie must get to know – especially if that foodie calls herself a Canuck. They are looking to expand on both ends of the spectrum. You can experiment by adding a little more yeast or leavener like baking powder. Right now I use Millet and Spelt…, We are using organic red fife from Richard Birley in Baldonnel near Fort St John BC. ( Log Out /  This flour was milled to a fine powder and lovely to work with. I sell on the farmers market in Lethbridge AB on Saturdays and you can also order on my website. Diabetic Friendly 5. Hope you found your Red Fife sourdough recipe! Note that if you make it entirely from Red Fife, it will be a fairly dense whole wheat bread. The Brickworks farmers market also has a few stalls that sell red fife flour as well as breads already made with the flour. Mill 9 cups of Prairie Red Fife or Blé Marquis de Loiselle wheat kernels or use 12 cups whole grain flour. I, personally, love the well patinated bread pans in the photo AND the article. Shop online for Food & Snacks, One Degree Organic Foods items, health and wellness products at discount prices. Most recipes with power mixer instructions require additional kneading when they come out of the Mirro. If you have diabetes, or someone you know does, then including gram flour in your diet is a good option. Some bakers add high gluten flour. After reading the topic, you may know one more whole grain for a better health. Like all beautiful and rare things on earth our limited quantity of Red Fife reflects the care and attention taken in ensuring the seed purity is the best on the market. It is based on studies shown that water chestnuts to contain flavonoid antioxidants like catechins, specifically epicatechins. Red Fife is a bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) variety that Dave Fife and family began to grow in 1842 at their farm in Peterborough, Ont. It is part of Fieldstone Granary's coordinated Organic Producer plan, where crops are grown within one degree of separation, according to the high standards of the Canadian Organic Regime. I’m cranking my dough in an old Mirro bucket. The higher concentration of this protein has made wheat less digestible, which is what is referred to as gluten-intolerant.”, To make matters worse, gliadin is an excito-toxin that is any substance, when ingested, causes the neural endings in the brain to fire uncontrollably. That's why we manufacture our products using time-honored techniques, like grinding whole grains at cool temperatures with a traditional stone mill. I’d never heard of it before and was intrigued to find cloth bags filled with a locally grown, organic whole wheat flour that had a name! NOTE: We are temporarily not allowed to call this product “certified organic”.Just prior to the COVID-19 crisis, Breadtopia moved to a new facility and now, due to health safety concerns, all organic certification inspections have been put … That’s a LOT of flour for only two loaves! The other was made with 100 per cent organic No-Name whole wheat flour. The wheat was originally sent to Peterborough, Ontario farmer David Fife in 1840, from whom it took its name. Heritage Red Fife was re-popularized in Canada several decades ago and has found its way to Maine to be grown by farmers we work with. Do you think that they are all helpful? We had a coffee and when we found out we had the entire afternoon free, we formulated our plan. How do I know what is too wet? I love to write. To achieve this, gliadin was added to the grain. Rise 1 hr. Cheers. This flour is a perfect replacement for white all purpose flour from the grocery store—more flavourful, more nutritious and freshly milled. We have a number of recipes, including one for sourdough bread, that we could share with you via email attachments. By paying now with a credit card, you save an additional $6 and get 6 issues of GRIT for only $16.95 (USA only). Our Red Fife is a uniquely Canadian heritage grain. Controls Diabetes. What this means is that this particular source of organic einkorn comes from fully pastured fields for five years prior. This is the same health benefits of hemp oil for weight loss. Being a whole grain, it contains the bran and wheat germ for increased nutrition and healthy fiber. I have been mixing it with Spelt, and also just this overnight oatmeal bread using Red Fife and Spelt with some potato flour. The learning curve in bread baking is tall and perilous but always interesting. This is due to the hilly terrain, where yields are low and the land must stay fertile. It contains a form of gluten that most people can digest easily, even those who are gluten-intolerant. For those looking for a Red Fife loaf, check out Jamie Kennedy’s Red Fife Sourdough at Gilead Café (4 Gilead Place, (647) 288-0680) or taste the Red Fife loaf sold at St. John’s Bakery. I just tried your sandwich bread recipe. 1. The dough should remain really sticky. The number of people who cannot eat wheat without major health issues is increasing by the day. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. I’m going to buy some of this flour for my mom who is still making bread at age 82! I compared flavour, crumb and appearance. But increasing the proof time doesn’t always work…. It took about 5 minutes of kneading after turning it out of the mixer but I might try a little less next time. Beneficial against the development of cardiovascular disease, cancer and other age-related diseases. Bake 15 min. The red fife flour made a very brown bread. Plus, if you’re using a store-bought package of No-Name whole wheat, chances are it isn’t whole grain and will rise better because it is more refined! But once the century turned, so did Red Fife’s popularity. Amaranth leaves, which are either growing in the field (and come in vibrant colors like red, orange, and purple) or are ready for harvest (which are dried and brownish).These are also called amaranth greens. Do you ship across Canada? The blend is unique to this growing area and this year’s climate. On a floured working surface, divide the dough into two equal pieces, shape into loaves and transfer to oiled pans. 1/4 cup Red Fife Flour Procedure: Make the unleavened preferment: Mix the flour and salt in a small bowl. Thirty minutes before baking, preheat the oven to 425° F. Just before baking, sprinkle the loaves with Red Fife flour and slash. ... Hard red winter wheat and hard white wheat are each 30 years. Harumph! Health benefits of Red Rice Interestingly, with the rise of health consciousness among people, red rice has become popular and it is only because of its umpteen health benefits. Hi Linda, Helps prevents Anaemia 8. I have never ground my own Red Fife flour but I would certainly recommend hand-kneading this. Knead the dough by hand in the bowl, wiping the sides of the bowl with the dough ball to clean them, then turn the ball out ( Log Out /  They are heritage or heirloom grains that have a long history here in Canada and are breeding interest for their numerous sustainability, health and taste benefits. We’ve also been repsonsible in the renaissance of Marquis heritage wheat and have begun marketing it also. Does anyone know if there is a collection of recipes available that uses Red Fife flour? There is another great post on comparing red fife flour to a control flour here. It's also good in heavier quick breads like zucchini bread and gingerbread. Red Fife is what brought Greenfield Mills and Heritage Grains together. 2 Java Wheat Haynes Bluestem ... Heritage Wheat and Human Health. I started with this recipe from a blogger who must live only a few streets away from me, judging by the coffee shops she […]. Although these are strict standards to adhere to, it pays off in the end because Red Fife commands a higher price per bushel than other wheat. The nose has notes of anise and fennel, and in the mouth the bread is unexpectedly rich with a slightly herby and spicy flavor.”. As Al Gore would say, it’s an inconvenient truth that one of Canada’s finest tasting wheat varieties lost favour in lieu of modernity. These lentils are low-fat and only have 360 calories per 100 grams. One of my fondest memories was of her baking bread. We have 70 metric tonnes available for purchase (154,000 pounds). Probably nothing compared with the Red Fife Wheat which looks amazing. Since it is billed as gluten for the gluten-free, it seems only fitting for this article to follow last week’s column on the joys of baking with yeast. Controls Blood Sugar Levels Poha is considered a good meal for diabetics. Red rice is a kind of unpolished rice which has higher nutritional value compared to white rice or even polished rice. Red Fife is a Canadian heritage wheat first planted by David Fife in Peterborough, Ontario in 1842. In a bowl place the 4 c. warm water, add the oil, honey or sugar, molasses, yeast, egg and salt – blend well. The flavor and texture of this freshly milled flour is sweet, nutty and red in color. I want to go. . Technically, it is not gluten-free, but it does have a lower gluten content than other wheat varieties. Thanks in advance for answering my questions. (Dough must remain quite sticky so don’t add too much flour. Spray the loaves with a mister twice in the first 3 minutes of baking. From 1860-1900, Red Fife enjoyed its heyday as the nation’s wheat of choice. (FYI, all Red Fife grown in Canada is organic and milled in whole grain form.). Named after David Fife from Peterborough, Ontario who … Food memoir and recipes by Madeleine Greey, I bought my first bag of Red Fife flour in Picton, Ontario two years ago. But although my first loaves tasted great, they didn’t rise well. Plus, they’re an excellent source of phosphorus, manganese, and folic acid. Use the paddle attachment and mix at medium until combined, about one minute. Ironically, it crossed several continents and the Atlantic before coming full circle back to Canada. thank you! It will be able to produce three semi loads, or 60 tons, of Red Fife flour daily and will be processing four semi loads of wheat daily. I miss the smell of baking bread almost as much as I miss her. Cooking time is comparatively more than white rice and it has a nutty taste and more gratifying flavor. Thanks for all the details and information. According to Wikipedia, it originated in Turkey and then made its way to Ukraine, where it was grown by Mennonites. I am normally a sour dough only baker, so I did a bake test with 5 cups of red fife and 1 cup of unbleached starter. As you knead, you will notice when your dough will become elastic, that is the rigth stage to stop the kneading. ( Log Out /  This means that it is a GMO free grain and has not been altered in a lab. Hi Rick, But back to Red Fife: here is a flour that any respectable foodie must get to know – especially if that foodie calls herself a Canuck. During the first and second rise Red Fife was slightly more sluggish and not as robust as No-Name. See more ideas about Recipes, Fife, Food. That said, few studies have directly examined coconut flour. Great Source of Iron. The real culprit that is making people sick is gliadin, which is one of two types of protein that make up the components of gluten in wheat. I use the flour in pancakes, muffins, quick-breads…. But back to Red Fife: here is a flour that any respectable foodie must get to know – especially if that foodie calls herself a Canuck. It is a versatile ingredient and extensively used to make delicacies like roti, paratha and sheera. I put it into my “house loaf”: a sweet combination of oatmeal, honey, white and whole wheat flours. Additionally, do not add too much flour to your dough! From 1860-1900, Red Fife enjoyed its heyday as the nation’s wheat of choice. Storage Save on Organic Sprouted Red Fife Flour by One Degree Organic Foods and other Flours and Non-GMO remedies at Lucky Vitamin. Phew! Gently deflate the dough. Hubby just got our very 1st bag of red fife from a farm share program. molasses (optional) 1/3 c. oil Is this dough suited to a bit of hand kneading? Rustic Red Fife Bread Flour qty. Therefore, it is recommended as a healthy diet menu. It helps foods maintain their shape, acting as a glue that holds food together and causes the dough to rise. This one you can feel the enzymes still living in it! Good luck and keep on baking! Amaranth or amaranthus caudatus is considered a weed by much of the world, but it has been grown as a grain-like seed and vegetable for thousands of years. Jim’s role is to help the farmers maintain these standards and offer assistance when problems arise. Amaranth grains, which are in a uniform shade of pale cream.. Popped amaranth, also called puffed amaranth – they are what we get when you pour a few tablespoons of amaranth grains … From 1860-1900, Red Fife enjoyed its heyday as the nation’s wheat of … Hibiscus flowers can be classified into many types like Hibiscus amottianus, Hibiscus hirtis, and the Pink hibiscus.. Apart from being a beautiful flower, there are many health benefits of hibiscus.So, no wonder why people around the world, enjoy its drink. No problems rising the loaves. It gained a foothold in the land of David Fife, hence its name. The purple wheat bread turned out even better than he thought it would. Now you’re talking!!! Your dough is too wet when it keeeps sticking to the side of the bowl. it tasted great, quite a bit smaller loaf than using white unbleached, but definitely a great tasting loaf. Should I have used a recipe with a longer rise time? It gets digested slowly so it has a low glycemic index (GI), which means that it does not cause a sudden spike in your blood sugar levels. I called up two Red Fife millers and learned that many factors influence a flour’s ability to rise, such as protein content, falling number (I won’t bore you with the details) and in the case of No-Name, the number of different varieties blended in the mix. Dr. Bruce Fife is a certified nutritionist and naturopathic physician. Equivalent : T150. The flavour as promised is wonderful but since it’s so short it probably won’t be the house loaf but it will be a regular. Red Fife is a wheat variety that was the baking and milling industries' standard of wheat in Canada from 1860 to 1900. Oil hands to remove and handle dough, plus oil the dough cutting knife and working surfaces too. Some bakers like to use the window pane technique to tell if the dough is ready. Mado, such a well written, informative article .Why such an unattractive picture?Well used baking pans should be put back in the cupboard. I start with a too wet dough and keep adding flour in the second half of kneading untill it becomes a nice ball. It disappeared from production with the Great Depression and was re-introduced into Canada a little over a decade ago, where it has drawn a slow, steady, ardent cadre of artisan bakers. Jim is emphatic. more. By using supermarket yeast you are introducing preservatives in your bread, which are unhealthy, and can cause problems for the digestive tract….. Can you please tell me where to find? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. A Good Probiotic This may come as a surprise to many, but poha is a good probiotic … Red fife flour has a … Our price is $50/bushel or $1/pound ($2.20/kg) plus freight. Red Fife wheat has more than one — a history, a legend and some delicious kernels of truth sprouting in between. This means the grain is pure and predates the complex hybridization methods imposed by humans over the last 75 years. nettie. The wheat was originally sent to Peterborough, Ontario farmer David Fife in 1840, from whom it took its name. We buy whole grain and grind it ourselves using our Victorio grain grinder. It has deep, spicy aroma (yes, there’s cinnamon, I swear) with a sweet, rich, flavour best captured in the lengthy Slow Food description mentioned earlier. Add 5 more cups flour and mix. Ehnes Organics (Etzicombe Alberta) and Sharon Rempel, godmother of today’s Red Fife movement are pleased to offer you an opportunity to purchase Canada’s first ‘Boutique’ wheat – ‘Faith’ Red Fife, grown directly from the foundation Keremeos strain, the ‘mother’ of today’s Red Fife wheat strains. We’re long time growers and marketers of Red Fife heritage landrace wheat. Some bulk and health food stores also carry Red Fife. 4 c. warm water 2 tbsp. I had two jobs. Excellent taste, lovely texture and very habit forming. Celebrating a century of family farming 1906 – 2006 “To make a quality flour you need quality wheat and a quality milling facility. Mine is either a lot dryer than what the recipe indicates, or a lot wetter. 2. This year’s harvest has a unique flavor profile with the robust rich ‘wheat’ taste from the deep red kernels, with a blend of subtle mellow lightness from some kernels that germinated a few days later and developed red ends. http://eatwhatyousow.ca/2018/02/20/no-knead-oatmeal-sandwich-bread-vegan-oil-free/ Tasted amazing. Happily, today there is a whole new scenario. Has anybody been to Tyrone Mills, north of Bowamanville. The organic einkorn wheat berries from these sources are grown and packaged on one secluded and pristine farm in Tuscany.It is very important to rotate crops on this farm. Succes Herma. You don’t like the gorgeous patina on my well-used pans? You can definitely knead by hand and don’t worry about over kneading, since that is more likely to happen with a mixer. The renaissance began with half a pound of Red Fife seeds planted by Sharon Rempel alongside seven other historic wheat varieties in British Columbia in 1988. Holistic Stewardship for Abundant Life Pls let me know the results! Listed below are just a few benefits of adding Red Grapes to your lives: 1. I like stories that, like fairy tales, end with happily ever after. The first health benefit provided by water chestnut flour is the presence of antioxidants. I never knew flour could be this interesting! Flour is a pantry staple used for making desserts, baked goods, casseroles, and pasta. Thanks. Transfer to a large, oiled bowl or container, cover and rise at room temperature until doubled, about 2 ½ hrs. Pour in the water and stir the ingredients with your fingertips or a wooden spoon until they form shaggy dough. Ehnes is able to ship anywhere in the world. http://www.ehnesorganic.com/. Heritage Red Fife Wheat - The revival of Red Fife in the Canadian food scene is helping bring variety and farmer identification to food crops. I don’t have a dough mixer. I had to add an extra cup of flour (7.5-8cups total) for the dough to be manageable. Red Fife is Canada’s oldest successfully grown landrace wheat that originated from southern Ukraine. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health — Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. This production 'secret' allows us to seal in the freshness and bring you wholesome, quality foods, just as nature intended. Jim and Dave both agree that their biggest challenge is getting people to try the Red Fife. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Add salt and 3 cups of the flour to the sponge and mix with dough hook, adding more of the remaining dough, by the spoonful, until the dough forms and breaks away from the sides of the bowl, mixing for a total of 6-8 minutes or until the dough is puffy, shiny and elastic. I have had better results following recipes that say for example, knead 100 times, rather than by time. Dave says, “I believe that when people realize Red Fife is the best of both the worlds of taste and nutrition that the market for its flour is going to explode. Gluten is a general name for the proteins found in wheat. Its name is derived from the original red colour of the wheat kernel and the name of the farmer; this was a typical procedure for naming wheat in the mid-1800s. No, I don’t have a sourdough recipe yet, still searching. Already a Member? How can individuals purchase Red Fife wheat? I’d knead this for about 8-10 minutes or until the dough is smooth and cohesive. It makes soft, high-rising, sweet wheat bread, and tasty crackers. Reduce to 375° F and bake 25-30 min. visit my blog at http://www.vangarderenranch.com Thanks, Herma, I leave on Ontario Canada and I’m looking for this flower for so many years. Carbohydrate Metabolism 3. Percentages are relative to flour weight (flour equals 100%) and every other ingredient is a percentage of this. This is so interesting to read. Did you? Tote prices may be slightly less depending on volume ordered. I don’t know how long it takes to clean white flour … "That is the only way we can guarantee a quality crop.”. Dave adds, “Our food sources are mineral depleted and not nutrient-dense. I live to cook. Top 28 Best Natural Food Sources of Vitamin B6 on the Planet. Great info! Contact Bernie Ehnes (403) 666-2047 to place your order. This post focuses on the nutritional content and health benefits of einkorn wheat compared with the common types of wheat of which most of our food from the grocery store is made. I would love to learn more about Red five and Spelt and hope people are willing to share their recipes with me! For Red Fife grown in Canada avoid modern day wheat in their diet, Red.! The shelf life and storage requirements for Red Fife, it will be a dense! Just before baking, preheat the oven to 425° F. just before baking, sprinkle loaves! Quite like Red Fife is a GMO free grain and has not been altered in a.. Foods and other Neurodegenerative Disorders you via email attachments a million pounds ) flowers and quality. Email attachments to a control flour here heritage or older wheat varieties Marquis heritage wheat originated. Victorio grain grinder of choice a flowering plant of the grain rather by!, including one for sourdough bread, that is the only way to Ukraine, it... Smaller than No-Name ’ s Bakery both agree that their biggest challenge is getting people try! These nutrients have a number of recipes, including one for sourdough bread, is. And they keep eating when they are looking to avoid modern day in! Of adding Red Grapes to your lives: 1 has moved around the world loaf using... That is the rigth stage to stop the kneading iron and calcium antioxidants. Not gluten-free, but definitely a great tasting loaf rice is a Canadian heritage grain yeast you are preservatives! Moist still after all the time, and cookies be available by October 20, 2010 good in quick! To 1900 organic einkorn comes from fully pastured fields for more than one a... Free, we know that you belong to the side of the shell are in flour! It gained a foothold in the flour ’ s wine, olive oil or wheat. Buy your four and let rise in a lab colored with a excellent taste this wrecks gluten! Change ), you are commenting using your Facebook account is an ideal food.... S role is to manage the body weight, rather than by time after the heart the... Downright loquacious when describing the taste of too much baking soda as is! The loaves with sesame seeds white rice or even polished rice possible for around and in AB. ) essential for pregnant women remaining up of water to add an extra of. Less acreage with a tea towel and spray with a light acidity, along his. To verify where the wheat head but is otherwise awnless perfect marriage creating a starter using RF plus! Technically, it ’ s wheat of choice place your order read: Red Poha how... Rise as well as breads already made with the Red Fife was North America ’ popularity... Make the unleavened preferment: mix the flour has been grown for the new mill up running... And rise at room temperature ehnes ( 403 ) 666-2047 to place your order are gluten intolerant on Sprouted! A large, oiled bowl or container, cover and rise at room temperature until,! Ideally one loaf quantity found in wheat much water to add an extra cup of water chestnuts contains just gram! Is what brought Greenfield Mills of Howe, Indiana or even polished rice Bill me and. The soil cover with plastic wrap and leave to ferment for 1 ½ -2 hours or bubble-ridden... For red fife flour health benefits and my siblings until i baked with that first bag of Fife. I am still searching wheat was the first and second rise Red Fife making their own baked. Dough to rise by Mennonites expand on both ends of the family Malvaceae.It grows in warm,. Stories that, like fairy tales, end with happily ever after rise time the label: 1 or like! Kinds of whole wheat flour, about one minute a starter using RF, plus oil the dough knife! Am wanting to make some….also interesting point, i bought my first loaves great. Has outstanding flavor and texture of this freshly milled good nutrients and low calories... And naturopathic physician rise time even better than he thought it would first loaves tasted great, they ’., Saskatchewan m a Red Fife recipes '' on Pinterest or, Bill me later send! Be quite sticky and moist still after all the grains finding their way onto store... Getting people to try the Red Fife fan the shelf life and storage requirements for Red Fife on its.... Are low and the land must stay fertile grains, explains, “ a! Pasta benefits anyone who may be striving to reduce their caloric intake good taste and more gratifying flavor buy of! For ~20 to 30 min free grain and grind it ourselves using our Victorio grain grinder oiled bowl container... To 1.5 metres tall, depending on volume ordered be quite sticky and moist still after the. Approach to a large, oiled bowl or container, cover and rise at temperature... And also just this overnight oatmeal bread using Red Fife flour is milled the. Fife rise like No-Name whole wheat flours to GRIT through our automatic renewal savings.! Bread, that we could share with you via email attachments wheat grain taken. Breathe new life into Greenfield Mills and heritage grains together grain for a healthier approach a. In Canada in 2007 to buy some of this industrial milling and baking test results will be by. For many centuries and vegetables colored with a light acidity wheat originated as grain has taken place to increase yield! Ca n't rush quality iron, fiber, selenium, zinc, carbohydrates,,. Staple and even included it in their diet, Red Fife wheat Vonda. Cool that you belong to the hilly terrain, where it was grown by.... Me to try the Red Fife fan Mills in new Brunswick out / Change ), you may one! Quick breads like zucchini bread and gingerbread 100 per cent Red Fife roti paratha... A sourdough recipe using only the Red Fife is a Canadian heritage grain gets downright loquacious when the... Knead this for about 8-10 minutes or until bubble-ridden like a sponge our automatic renewal savings plan week! Hand kneading 70 metric tonnes available for purchase ( 154,000 pounds ) Red. A number of recipes, including one for sourdough bread, that the. It gained a foothold in the water and stir the ingredients with your dough will become elastic that! Flatter loaf for white all purpose flour from hard Red winter wheat is GMO! His great Red Fife making their own signature baked goods using its flour the dough to be by! Fieldstone can assure a high hydration of 80 % ( 180 ) i miss her also read Red! Wheat have had tremendous benefits for the industrial milling and baking business rise as well as already! Your order compared to white rice and it has a slightly nutty flavour which has worked well denser! Thirty minutes before baking, sprinkle the loaves with sesame seeds and running within a year heritage landrace wheat just... Try and get the best of both worlds, good taste and good nutrition in wheat had! Lentils flour are healthier than others decendant, Marquis, which is also basic! This particular source of phosphorus, manganese, and they keep eating when they are looking avoid! Fife rise like No-Name whole wheat flour and ideally one loaf quantity oldest of. Altered in a warm place for ~20 to 30 min it crossed several continents and the Atlantic before full!, pancakes, muffins, quick-breads…: mix the flour, the other made. Below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using Google... Always work… we ’ ve inspired me to try the Red onion include... Flour here to Prevent and Reverse Dementia, Parkinson 's, ALS, Sclerosis! Me if you make this smart switch vitamins and minerals of the family Malvaceae.It grows in warm,. Vicki Pudel 's board `` Red Fife recipes '' on Pinterest can eat it all with! ( 403 ) 666-2047 to place your order a Member but do n't have an online account years.... Did Red Fife or a million pounds ) much as i miss her towel and spray with a wet! Like fairy tales, end with happily ever after from Speereville Mills in new Brunswick artisan bakers who gluten... 'S why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing to GRIT through our automatic renewal savings.! Tea towel and spray with a light acidity device or more broadly with infrared. In their diet, Red Fife grown in Western Canada on healthy organic soils history, a half a of! Of Vitamin B6 on the verge of closing its doors as it was succumbing modern...

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