uttar pradesh population by religion
The Secretariat headed by the Chief Secretary assists the council of ministers. Out of which 2285004 are males while 2328909 are females. Kathak, a classical dance form, owes its origin to the state of Uttar Pradesh. It boasts 42 national highways, with a total length of 4,942 km (9.6% of the total NH length in India). Uttar Pradesh is a state located in northern India.With a population of 199,812,314 as of 2011 - it is the most populous state in the Republic of India. From 1991 to 2001 its population increased by over 26%. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Uttar Pradesh in 2011 is 199,812,341 (19.98 Crore) , Cultivation is intensive. It has a population of about 199,812,341 as per the 2011 census.  The most common birds which are found in the state are doves, peafowl, junglefowl, black partridges, house sparrows, songbirds, blue jays, parakeets, quails, bulbuls, comb ducks, kingfishers, woodpeckers, snipes, and parrots.  In spite of rapid deforestation and poaching of wildlife, a diverse flora and fauna continue to exist in the state. The cuisine consists of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. The remaining population consists of Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians and Jains. Broadband internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by private companies.  Soon after Harshavardhana's death, his empire disintegrated into many kingdoms, which were invaded and ruled by the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, which challenged Bengal's Pala Empire for control of the region.  Also at Sarnath are the Pillars of Ashoka and the Lion Capital of Ashoka, both important archaeological artefacts with national significance. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. Varanasi city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Varanasi Metropolitan Region.The Varanasi city is located in Uttar Pradesh state of India. Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage sites and ranks first tourist destinations in India. The state’s name is Hindi for ‘northern state’ and its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state.  State has the highest child mortality indicators, from the neonatal mortality rate (NNMR) to the under-five mortality rate of 64 children who die per 1,000 live births before five years of age, 35 die within a month of birth, and 50 do not complete a year of life. Hindi 24-hour television news channels are NDTV India, DD News, Zee News, Aaj Tak, News18 India, and ABP News. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Triveni Sangam in Allahabad and flow further east as Ganges.  The sluggish rivers of the bhabhar deepen in this area, their course running through a tangled mass of thick undergrowth. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. Politicians from Uttar Pradesh have played prominent roles in Union Government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister. This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. Muslims make up 19.3% of the population, most of whom are Rohillas, a clan of ethnic Pathans. Uttar Pradesh has a large public as well as private healthcare infrastructure. , The state has two international airports located in Lucknow (Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport) and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport in Varanasi.  Several species of trees, large and small mammals, reptiles, and insects are found in the belt of temperate upper mountainous forests. , In 2011, state's cabinet ministers headed by the then Chief Minister Mayawati announced the separation of Uttar Pradesh into four different states of Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Avadh Pradesh and Paschim Pradesh with twenty-eight, seven, twenty-three and seventeen districts, respectively, later the proposal was turned down when Akhilesh Yadav lead Samajwadi Party came to power in the 2012 election. , Uttar Pradesh has more metropolitan cities than any other state in India. Urdu is given the status of a second official language, spoken by 5.42% of the population. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85,000 and 72,000 years ago. , Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been dominated by four political parties, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Hiding Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 Data? Other prominent rivers are Gomti and Saryu. , Recently, cricket has become more popular than field hockey. Karnataka (3.9 lakh), Uttar Pradesh (3.0 lakh), west Bengal (2.4 lakh) and Madhya Pradesh (2.0 lakh) are other states having large Buddhist population. Firozabad city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Uttar Pradesh State/UT. Under the leadership of Akhilesh Yadav, Uttar Pradesh has exceeded 11 five-year plan targets and has established several Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and generated 650,000 employment opportunities across the state.  The state contributes 16.16% of India's population. Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as Kushinagar, Kanpur, Ayodhya, Vrindavan, Mathura, Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jaunpur, Noida, Meerut, Bareilly, Faizabad, Aligarh, Agra, Jhansi, Rampur, Raebareli, Saharanpur, and Gorakhpur. Percentages in 'STATE' are calculated out of total population of UP, depicting the share of each religion's population, People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das, Manohar Publications, Distribution of Scheduled Castes by District in Uttar Pradesh, "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India".  The high court continued to be at Allahabad, but a bench was established at Lucknow. , The state is sometimes called the 'Hindi heartland of India'. 2,146 per sq mi. , According to the Uttar Pradesh Budget Documents (2019–20), Uttar Pradesh’s debt burden is 29.8 per cent of the GSDP. Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 2496970 as per the Census 2011. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts, with the capital being Lucknow. Uttar Pradesh is known for its extensive avifauna. Uttar Pradesh has been called India's under-achiever because it has provided India with eight prime ministers while remaining a poor state.  The literacy rate for men is 79% and for women 59%. List of all Tehsils in Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh.  The state’s exports include footwear, leather goods, and sporting gear. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were three major princely states in Uttar Pradesh – Ramgadi, Rampur and Benares. The Pioneer was founded in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen. The chaat in Lucknow and Banarasi Paan is known across India for its flavour and ingredients.. Traditional dance and musical styles are taught at the Bhatkhande Music Institute University in Lucknow, named after the musician Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande. After summer it is the south-west monsoon which brings most of the rain here, while in winters rain due to the western disturbances and north-east monsoon also contribute small quantities towards the overall precipitation of the state.  As per World Bank document (released on 2016), the pace of poverty reduction in the state has been slower than the rest of the country.  Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation (Avatar) of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh. People make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including khurchan, peda, gulabjamun, petha, makkhan malai, and chamcham. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. Moist deciduous trees grow in the upper Gangetic plain, especially along its riverbanks. In summers, hot winds called loo blow all across Uttar Pradesh.. The climate of the Vindhya Range and plateau is subtropical with a mean annual rainfall between 1000 and 1200 mm, most of which comes during the monsoon.  The first in the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and have been classified as scarcity areas.  The state ranks 35th among Indian states in human development index. About two-thirds (61 per cent) of childbirths at home in Uttar Pradesh are unsafe.  Ganga Mahotsav festival of Kartik Poornima celebrated fifteen days after Diwali.  In July 2012, due to financial constraints and directions from the state government, lending activities have been suspended except for State Government Schemes. ", "UP fails to improve human development index ranking in 27 years", "India Human Development Report report raps Gujarat, praises UP and Bihar", "At 23,219, UP reports highest number of road, rail accident", "An accident reported every two hours in UP: Fatal accidents in the state", "Uttar Pradesh blasts, RDX use confirmed", "Wiretap warning on Uttar Pradesh bombings went in vain", "GROSS STATE DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY (crore Rs) UTTAR PRADESH", "SMEs employ close to 40% of India's workforce, but contribute only 17% to GDP", "Noida-Greater Noida's world class infrastructure to be highlighted in UP Pravasi Diwas", "Details of financing & limits of accommodation", "A statement of the categories of documents that are held by the Corporation", "The budget allocated to each of its agency", "Private investment under Akhilesh government more than doubles", "10. Awadhi cuisine is from the city of Lucknow. Taj Mahotsav, held annually at Agra, is a colourful display of the culture of the Braj area. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) constitute 40% of Uttar Pradesh’s population.  According to a research assembled by State Bank of India, Uttar Pradesh failed to improve its Human Development Index (HDI) ranking over a period of 27 years (1990-2017). Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivision (by population) in the world.  Sanskrit-based learning formed the major part of education from the Vedic to the Gupta periods. Their spread consisted of elaborate dishes like kebabs (shish kebab or shashlik), kormas, biryani, kaliya, nahari-kulchas, zarda, sheermal, roomali rotis, and warqi parathas.  Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers.. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the state's Himalayan hill region. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions.  Linguistically, the state spreads across the Central, East-Central, and Eastern zones of the Hindi Belt, the major Hindi languages of the state being Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Braj Bhasha, Kannauji and Hindustani.. For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India. Bird sanctuaries in the state include Bakhira Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, Chandra Prabha Sanctuary, Hastinapur Sanctuary, Kaimoor Sanctuary, and Okhla Sanctuary. Uttar Pradesh hosted modern educational institutions such as the Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University and Darul Uloom Deoband.  Hindi became the language of state administration with the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act of 1951. As cultures travelled through the region they brought their bodies of knowledge with them, adding Pali, Persian and Arabic scholarship to the community. ", "Caste-based Census data should be made public, demand Bihar CM Nitish Kumar", "How BJP is changing the caste arithmetic in Uttar Pradesh | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "UP govt declares holiday on Maharana Pratap Jayanti to 'woo' Thakur voters", "Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2017 | Indian National Congress | AAP | BJP | NDA | Samajwadi Party | Candidates List | Opinion Poll | Exit Poll | Election News Malayalam", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Uttar_Pradesh&oldid=988419477, Demographics of India by state or union territory, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 01:44. Most people in Uttar Pradesh speak Hindustani, which in a literate form is referred to as Hindi and Urdu. , Diwali (celebrated between mid-October and mid-December) and Rama Navami are popular festivals in Uttar Pradesh. In the rest of lower Doab, various mixes of western and Eastern Hindi (Brij Bhasha/ Bundelkhandi and Awadhi) are spoken). Rasiya (especially popular in Braj), which celebrate the divine love of Radha and Krishna. Vernacular newspapers such as those in Hindi, Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu, and Punjabi are also read by a select readership.  Mughal emperors Babur and Humayun ruled from Delhi.  Around 42 per cent of pregnant women, more than 1.5 million, deliver babies at home. Historically, Hindu society is divided into four sub-divisions or varnas, the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. With each and every district of Uttar Pradesh having its unique music and tradition. In Uttar Pradesh, Muslims are divided into 68 castes and sub-castes, 35 of them are OBCs. The state is attracting foreign direct investment which has mostly come in the software and electronics fields; Noida, Kanpur and Lucknow are becoming major hubs for the information technology (IT) industry and house the headquarters of most of the major corporate, media and financial institutions. Though long known for sugar production, the state's economy is now dominated by the services industry. Also noteworthy is that Sikh and Hindu communities have very poor sex-ratios. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.. ", "The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001", "The History and Role of Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "The strength of Armed Police in Uttar Pradesh", "In Custody: Six died daily in four months", "More bad news for Yogi Adityanath as data show UP tops crime chart", "NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%", "Uttar Pradesh tops the list of communal violence hit states in 2017: Govt", "Communal Violence Goes Up In Country, Uttar Pradesh Still Tops List", "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ACROSS INDIAN STATES: IS THE GLASS STILL HALF EMPTY?  Uttar Pradesh continued to be central to Indian politics and was especially important in modern Indian history as a hotbed of the Indian independence movement.  As per the report generated by Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA), total sugarcane production in India was estimated to be 28.3 million tonnes in the fiscal ending September 2015 which includes 10.47 million tonnes from Maharashtra and 7.35 million tonnes from Uttar Pradesh, State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census.  Each department also has officers of the rank of Secretary, Special Secretary, Joint Secretary etc.  It spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and Odisha in the south. Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is a major Hindu and Buddhist festival, while Christmas is celebrated by the minority Christian population.  As on 2017, number of government hospital in rural and urban areas of Uttar Pradesh are 4442 (39104 beds) and 193 (37156 beds) respectively. 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